Stability and Level of Self-Esteem as Predictors of Anger Arousal and Hostility

Michael H. Kernis, Bruce D. Grannemann, Lynda C. Barclay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

346 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined stability of self-esteem and level of self-esteem as predictors of dispositional tendencies to experience anger and hostility. We reasoned that individuals with unstable high self-esteem would report especially high tendencies to experience anger and hostility, and that individuals with stable high self-esteem would report particularly low tendencies. We expected individuals with stable and unstable low self-esteem to fall between these two extremes. These predictions were derived from an analysis of anger and hostility that emphasized the instigating role of threats to self-esteem. Stability of self-esteem was assessed through multiple assessments of global self-esteem in naturalistic settings. Results revealed the predicted pattern for the tendency to experience anger and a "motor" component of hostility. The importance of considering both stability and level of self-esteem in analyses of anger and hostility is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1013-1022
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume56
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1989

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Hostility
Anger
Arousal
anger
Self Concept
self-esteem
experience
threat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Stability and Level of Self-Esteem as Predictors of Anger Arousal and Hostility. / Kernis, Michael H.; Grannemann, Bruce D.; Barclay, Lynda C.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 56, No. 6, 06.1989, p. 1013-1022.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kernis, MH, Grannemann, BD & Barclay, LC 1989, 'Stability and Level of Self-Esteem as Predictors of Anger Arousal and Hostility', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 1013-1022.
Kernis, Michael H. ; Grannemann, Bruce D. ; Barclay, Lynda C. / Stability and Level of Self-Esteem as Predictors of Anger Arousal and Hostility. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1989 ; Vol. 56, No. 6. pp. 1013-1022.
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