Stability of self-esteem

assessment, correlates, and excuse making.

M. H. Kernis, B. D. Grannemann, L. C. Barclay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined stability and level of self-esteem as predictors of excuse making; the extent to which self-ratings of stability are related to a statistical index of self-esteem stability; and the relations between stability and certainty of self-esteem and a variety of other psychological constructs. Regarding excuse making, our findings indicated that for high self-esteem individuals, instability was related to greater excuse making following success, but not following failure. However, for low self-esteem individuals, instability was related to greater excuse making following failure, but not following success. Other findings indicated that self-ratings of stability were only minimally related to a statistical measure of stability based on repeated assessments of self-esteem obtained in naturalistic contexts. Finally, stability of self-esteem was not significantly correlated with certainty of self-esteem. In addition, the pattern of correlations that emerged between certainty and other constructs suggested that uncertainty reflects the phenomenal experience of a tenuous self-view. On the other hand, stability of self-esteem appears to reflect the extent to which one's self-view is malleable, which may not be completely available to conscious awareness. Our discussion focuses on the nature of self-esteem stability and the roles of stability and level of self-esteem in reactions to evaluative events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-644
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume60
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1992

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Self Concept
Self-Assessment
Uncertainty
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Kernis, M. H., Grannemann, B. D., & Barclay, L. C. (1992). Stability of self-esteem: assessment, correlates, and excuse making. Journal of Personality, 60(3), 621-644.

Stability of self-esteem : assessment, correlates, and excuse making. / Kernis, M. H.; Grannemann, B. D.; Barclay, L. C.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 60, No. 3, 09.1992, p. 621-644.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kernis, MH, Grannemann, BD & Barclay, LC 1992, 'Stability of self-esteem: assessment, correlates, and excuse making.', Journal of Personality, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 621-644.
Kernis MH, Grannemann BD, Barclay LC. Stability of self-esteem: assessment, correlates, and excuse making. Journal of Personality. 1992 Sep;60(3):621-644.
Kernis, M. H. ; Grannemann, B. D. ; Barclay, L. C. / Stability of self-esteem : assessment, correlates, and excuse making. In: Journal of Personality. 1992 ; Vol. 60, No. 3. pp. 621-644.
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