Standardizing the Use of Albumin in Large Volume Paracentesis

Shelby S. Anderson, Julian B. McCreary, Kristin S. Alvarez, L. Steven Brown, Deepak Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Albumin after large volume paracentesis (LVP) reduces paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD). The most efficacious dose of albumin for LVP is unclear. Objective: To evaluate the impact of implementing a standardized LVP order set on albumin utilization and patient outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective review of patients with ascites due to cirrhosis who received a therapeutic paracentesis at a large, academic institution. Primary outcome was amount of albumin used prior to and after order set implementation. Albumin doses were standardized in the order set to 25 g (5-6 L removed), 50 g (7-10 L), and 75 g (>10 L). Patient outcomes were rates of hyponatremia, renal impairment, and hypotension. Results: There were 100 patients included in each arm of the final analysis. Patients prior to order set implementation received a higher amount of albumin per liter removed compared to those post-implementation (8.3 g/L vs 6.5 g/L, respectively; P <.01). There were no significant differences between groups in absolute changes in serum sodium (0 mEq/L vs −1 mEq/L, P =.64), serum creatinine (0.06 mg/dL vs 0.05 mg/dL, P =.94), or systolic blood pressure (−4 mm Hg vs −3 mm Hg, P =.96). There were no differences between groups in rates of hyponatremia (1.6% vs 6.6%, P =.21), renal impairment (11.3% vs 11.5%, P =.97), or hypotension (17.4% vs 17.6%, P =.97). Conclusions: Use of an order set to guide albumin dosing based on amount of ascitic fluid removed during LVP resulted in a significant reduction in the amount of albumin given with no difference in adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-424
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacy Practice
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Keywords

  • PICD
  • albumin
  • cirrhosis
  • internal medicine
  • order set

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Standardizing the Use of Albumin in Large Volume Paracentesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this