Standing cough test for evaluation of postprostatectomy incontinence: A pilot study

Allen F. Morey, Nirmish Singla, Maude Carmel, Alexandra Klein, Timothy J. Tausch, Jordan Siegel, Isamu Tachibana, Jeremy Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: We implemented a standardized Standing Cough Test (SCT) for assessment of men with postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI) and stratified results according to an objective clinical grading scale in an attempt to facilitate male anti-incontinence surgical procedure selection. Materials and methods: SCT was routinely performed during the initial outpatient consultation for PPI. Incontinence severity was recorded based on a novel Male Stress Incontinence Grading Scale (MSIGS) to stratify PPI. Each patient was assigned an incontinence grade score of 0 through 4 during the SCT. Men with mild stress urinary incontinence (SUI) (grades 0-2) were offered sling surgery while those with heavier SUI (grades 3-4) were offered artificial urinary sphincter (AUS). MSIGS grade was correlated to preoperative patient-reported pads per day (PPD), and patient-reported outcomes of anti-incontinence surgery were assessed. Results: Among 62 consecutive PPI patients, 20 (32%) were graded as mild based on SCT, while the majority (42/62, 68%) were graded as moderate-severe. Average time from prostatectomy to treatment was 6 years. MSIGS grade demonstrated a strong correlation with preoperative PPD (r = 0.74). Among the 53 patients who underwent surgery for PPI, 14 with mild SUI received a sling, while 39 (74%) more severe cases received an AUS. Patient-reported improvement was high overall in both groups (median 95%). Conclusion: Most men with chronic PPI present for definitive treatment in a delayed manner after prostatectomy despite having severe incontinence. The SCT provides immediate, objective information about the severity of PPI which strongly correlates with patientreported pads-per-day and may expedite anti-incontinence surgical procedure selection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8664-8669
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Urology
Volume24
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Artificial urinary sphincter
  • Mid-urethral sling
  • Post-prostatectomy incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Urology

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    Morey, A. F., Singla, N., Carmel, M., Klein, A., Tausch, T. J., Siegel, J., Tachibana, I., & Scott, J. (2017). Standing cough test for evaluation of postprostatectomy incontinence: A pilot study. Canadian Journal of Urology, 24(1), 8664-8669.