State-level geographic variation in prompt access to care for children after motor vehicle crashes

Lindsey L. Wolf, Ritam Chowdhury, Jefferson Tweed, Lori Vinson, Elena Losina, Adil H. Haider, Faisal G. Qureshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a principal cause of death in children; fatal MVCs and pediatric trauma resources vary by state. We sought to examine state-level variability in and predictors of prompt access to care for children in MVCs. Materials and methods Using the 2010-2014 Fatality Analysis Reporting System, we identified passengers aged <15 y involved in fatal MVCs (crashes on US public roads with ≥1 death, adult or pediatric, within 30 d). We included children requiring transport for medical care from the crash scene with documented time of hospital arrival. Our primary outcome was transport time to first hospital, defined as >1 or ≤1 h. We used multivariable logistic regression to establish state-level variability in the percentage of children with transport time >1 h, adjusting for injury severity (no injury, possible injury, suspected minor injury, suspected severe injury, fatal injury, and unknown severity), mode of transport (emergency medical services [EMS] air, EMS ground, and non-EMS), and rural roads. Results We identified 18,116 children involved in fatal MVCs from 2010 to 2014; 10,407 (57%) required transport for medical care. Median transport time was 1 h (interquartile range: [1, 1]; range: [0, 23]). The percent of children with transport time >1 h varied significantly by state, from 0% in several states to 69% in New Mexico. Children with no injuries identified at the scene and crashes on rural roads were more likely to have transport times >1 h. Conclusions Transport times for children after fatal MVCs varied substantially across states. These results may inform state-level pediatric trauma response planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-83.e1
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume217
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

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Motor Vehicles
Child Care
Wounds and Injuries
Emergency Medical Services
Pediatrics
Cause of Death
Logistic Models
Air

Keywords

  • Access to care
  • Fatality analysis reporting system
  • Motor vehicle crashes
  • Pediatric trauma
  • Transport time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

State-level geographic variation in prompt access to care for children after motor vehicle crashes. / Wolf, Lindsey L.; Chowdhury, Ritam; Tweed, Jefferson; Vinson, Lori; Losina, Elena; Haider, Adil H.; Qureshi, Faisal G.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 217, 01.09.2017, p. 75-83.e1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wolf, Lindsey L. ; Chowdhury, Ritam ; Tweed, Jefferson ; Vinson, Lori ; Losina, Elena ; Haider, Adil H. ; Qureshi, Faisal G. / State-level geographic variation in prompt access to care for children after motor vehicle crashes. In: Journal of Surgical Research. 2017 ; Vol. 217. pp. 75-83.e1.
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abstract = "Background Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a principal cause of death in children; fatal MVCs and pediatric trauma resources vary by state. We sought to examine state-level variability in and predictors of prompt access to care for children in MVCs. Materials and methods Using the 2010-2014 Fatality Analysis Reporting System, we identified passengers aged <15 y involved in fatal MVCs (crashes on US public roads with ≥1 death, adult or pediatric, within 30 d). We included children requiring transport for medical care from the crash scene with documented time of hospital arrival. Our primary outcome was transport time to first hospital, defined as >1 or ≤1 h. We used multivariable logistic regression to establish state-level variability in the percentage of children with transport time >1 h, adjusting for injury severity (no injury, possible injury, suspected minor injury, suspected severe injury, fatal injury, and unknown severity), mode of transport (emergency medical services [EMS] air, EMS ground, and non-EMS), and rural roads. Results We identified 18,116 children involved in fatal MVCs from 2010 to 2014; 10,407 (57{\%}) required transport for medical care. Median transport time was 1 h (interquartile range: [1, 1]; range: [0, 23]). The percent of children with transport time >1 h varied significantly by state, from 0{\%} in several states to 69{\%} in New Mexico. Children with no injuries identified at the scene and crashes on rural roads were more likely to have transport times >1 h. Conclusions Transport times for children after fatal MVCs varied substantially across states. These results may inform state-level pediatric trauma response planning.",
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