Gluteal augmentation with fat transplantation is increasing in demand but has been associated with a concerning number of fatality reports. Despite these reports, various surgeons have safely performed gluteal fat transplantation on a large number of patients with no reported mortality. The important aspects of safely performing gluteal fat transplantation are reviewed. Proper patient selection, favorable instrumentation, patient positioning, proper technique, and knowledge of anatomy are critical to improving the safety of this procedure. Adherence to these key principles should allow a reduction in mortality from this procedure, which would safely allow its continued offering in the setting of increasingly high demand.
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