STE20/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) is critical for sodium reabsorption in isolated, perfused thick ascending limb

Chih Jen Cheng, Joonho Yoon, Michel Baum, Chou Long Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SPAK [STE20 (sterile 20)/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase] kinase consists of a full-length (FL-) and an alternatively spliced kidney-specific (KS-) isoform. SPAK regulates the NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). The relative abundance and role of FL- vs. KS-SPAK in regulating Na+-K+-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2) in thick ascending limb (TAL) are not completely understood. Here, we report that FL-SPAK mRNA was the most abundant in medullary TAL (mTAL), followed by cortical TAL (cTAL) and DCT. KS-SPAK mRNA abundance was relatively lower than FL-SPAK. The ratios of FL-SPAK to KS-SPAK in mTAL, cTAL, and DCT were 12.3, 12.5, and 10.2, respectively. To examine the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium transport in TAL, we used in vitro microperfusion of mTAL and cTAL isolated from wild-type (WT) and SPAK knockout mice (SPAK-KO) that lack both FL- and KS-SPAK. The rates of sodium absorption in cTAL and mTAL of SPAK-KO mice were 34.5 and 12.5% of WT tubules, respectively. The mRNA levels of related OSR1 kinase and SPAK protease Dnpep in SPAK-KO tubules were not significantly different from WT tubules. We next examined the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium reabsorption by vasopressin in TAL. Vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption by ∼80% in both mTAL and cTAL from WT mice. While baseline sodium reabsorption was lower in SPAK-KO tubules, vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption over twofold. In conclusion, the combined net effect of SPAK isoforms on sodium reabsorption in TAL is stimulatory. SPAK is not essential for vasopressin stimulation of sodium reabsorption in TAL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F437-F443
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume308
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Proline
Alanine
Phosphotransferases
Extremities
Sodium
Vasopressins
Messenger RNA
Member 1 Solute Carrier Family 12
Protein Isoforms

Keywords

  • Sodium
  • SPAK
  • Thick ascending limb
  • Vasopressin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{7b4f5c11fad642b2b501d8f6ff30a1f4,
title = "STE20/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) is critical for sodium reabsorption in isolated, perfused thick ascending limb",
abstract = "SPAK [STE20 (sterile 20)/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase] kinase consists of a full-length (FL-) and an alternatively spliced kidney-specific (KS-) isoform. SPAK regulates the NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). The relative abundance and role of FL- vs. KS-SPAK in regulating Na+-K+-2Cl− cotransporter (NKCC2) in thick ascending limb (TAL) are not completely understood. Here, we report that FL-SPAK mRNA was the most abundant in medullary TAL (mTAL), followed by cortical TAL (cTAL) and DCT. KS-SPAK mRNA abundance was relatively lower than FL-SPAK. The ratios of FL-SPAK to KS-SPAK in mTAL, cTAL, and DCT were 12.3, 12.5, and 10.2, respectively. To examine the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium transport in TAL, we used in vitro microperfusion of mTAL and cTAL isolated from wild-type (WT) and SPAK knockout mice (SPAK-KO) that lack both FL- and KS-SPAK. The rates of sodium absorption in cTAL and mTAL of SPAK-KO mice were 34.5 and 12.5{\%} of WT tubules, respectively. The mRNA levels of related OSR1 kinase and SPAK protease Dnpep in SPAK-KO tubules were not significantly different from WT tubules. We next examined the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium reabsorption by vasopressin in TAL. Vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption by ∼80{\%} in both mTAL and cTAL from WT mice. While baseline sodium reabsorption was lower in SPAK-KO tubules, vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption over twofold. In conclusion, the combined net effect of SPAK isoforms on sodium reabsorption in TAL is stimulatory. SPAK is not essential for vasopressin stimulation of sodium reabsorption in TAL.",
keywords = "Sodium, SPAK, Thick ascending limb, Vasopressin",
author = "Cheng, {Chih Jen} and Joonho Yoon and Michel Baum and Huang, {Chou Long}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1152/ajprenal.00493.2013",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "308",
pages = "F437--F443",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology",
issn = "0363-6135",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - STE20/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) is critical for sodium reabsorption in isolated, perfused thick ascending limb

AU - Cheng, Chih Jen

AU - Yoon, Joonho

AU - Baum, Michel

AU - Huang, Chou Long

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - SPAK [STE20 (sterile 20)/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase] kinase consists of a full-length (FL-) and an alternatively spliced kidney-specific (KS-) isoform. SPAK regulates the NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). The relative abundance and role of FL- vs. KS-SPAK in regulating Na+-K+-2Cl− cotransporter (NKCC2) in thick ascending limb (TAL) are not completely understood. Here, we report that FL-SPAK mRNA was the most abundant in medullary TAL (mTAL), followed by cortical TAL (cTAL) and DCT. KS-SPAK mRNA abundance was relatively lower than FL-SPAK. The ratios of FL-SPAK to KS-SPAK in mTAL, cTAL, and DCT were 12.3, 12.5, and 10.2, respectively. To examine the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium transport in TAL, we used in vitro microperfusion of mTAL and cTAL isolated from wild-type (WT) and SPAK knockout mice (SPAK-KO) that lack both FL- and KS-SPAK. The rates of sodium absorption in cTAL and mTAL of SPAK-KO mice were 34.5 and 12.5% of WT tubules, respectively. The mRNA levels of related OSR1 kinase and SPAK protease Dnpep in SPAK-KO tubules were not significantly different from WT tubules. We next examined the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium reabsorption by vasopressin in TAL. Vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption by ∼80% in both mTAL and cTAL from WT mice. While baseline sodium reabsorption was lower in SPAK-KO tubules, vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption over twofold. In conclusion, the combined net effect of SPAK isoforms on sodium reabsorption in TAL is stimulatory. SPAK is not essential for vasopressin stimulation of sodium reabsorption in TAL.

AB - SPAK [STE20 (sterile 20)/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase] kinase consists of a full-length (FL-) and an alternatively spliced kidney-specific (KS-) isoform. SPAK regulates the NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT). The relative abundance and role of FL- vs. KS-SPAK in regulating Na+-K+-2Cl− cotransporter (NKCC2) in thick ascending limb (TAL) are not completely understood. Here, we report that FL-SPAK mRNA was the most abundant in medullary TAL (mTAL), followed by cortical TAL (cTAL) and DCT. KS-SPAK mRNA abundance was relatively lower than FL-SPAK. The ratios of FL-SPAK to KS-SPAK in mTAL, cTAL, and DCT were 12.3, 12.5, and 10.2, respectively. To examine the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium transport in TAL, we used in vitro microperfusion of mTAL and cTAL isolated from wild-type (WT) and SPAK knockout mice (SPAK-KO) that lack both FL- and KS-SPAK. The rates of sodium absorption in cTAL and mTAL of SPAK-KO mice were 34.5 and 12.5% of WT tubules, respectively. The mRNA levels of related OSR1 kinase and SPAK protease Dnpep in SPAK-KO tubules were not significantly different from WT tubules. We next examined the role of SPAK in the regulation of sodium reabsorption by vasopressin in TAL. Vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption by ∼80% in both mTAL and cTAL from WT mice. While baseline sodium reabsorption was lower in SPAK-KO tubules, vasopressin increased sodium reabsorption over twofold. In conclusion, the combined net effect of SPAK isoforms on sodium reabsorption in TAL is stimulatory. SPAK is not essential for vasopressin stimulation of sodium reabsorption in TAL.

KW - Sodium

KW - SPAK

KW - Thick ascending limb

KW - Vasopressin

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924083221&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924083221&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1152/ajprenal.00493.2013

DO - 10.1152/ajprenal.00493.2013

M3 - Article

VL - 308

SP - F437-F443

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology

SN - 0363-6135

IS - 5

ER -