A significant proportion of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients present with oligometastatic disease. Retrospective and limited prospective data suggests that a subgroup of patients with oligometastatic mRCC benefits from aggressive local therapy. With the emerging data of high local control efficacy with low toxicity of stereotactic ablative radiation (SAbR) for both CNS and extra-cranial mRCC, SAbR may play a critical role in the multi-modality management of mRCC patients with oligometastatic disease. In addition to local control benefit, the benefit of SAbR in this patient population can range from longitudinal disease control, maintaining quality of life, deferring systemic therapy, immune-modulation and even improving survival. A review of the retrospective data suggests that SAbR benefits oligometastatic mRCC patients with metachronous metastases, and perhaps those with indolent biology. Large prospective trials are indicated to successfully integrate SAbR of oligometastatic mRCC with the available systemic therapies to harness the optimal benefit of SAbR for this patient population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research