Advanced technologies have facilitated the development of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) programs capable of delivering ablative radiation doses for the control of lung cancers. To date, experience with these programs has been highly favorable, as reflected in the results of careful clinical trials. The medically inoperable lung cancer patient, lacking more effective options, has served as the initial clinical base to test SBRT; the therapeutic outcomes have confirmed a significant role for this approach. For many patient groups, SBRT may become a noninvasive alternative to some thoracic surgeries, especially ones with more limited therapeutic goals such as wedge resection. Despite these results, long-term evaluation of the cases treated is required to allow greater understanding of the limitations and contributions of this new modality. The successful delivery of SBRT requires the development of a comprehensive, specialized clinical program providing advanced technology and the technical expertise of physicians, physicists and therapists specially trained in SBRT applications. To achieve successful clinical outcomes, careful patient selection and attention to therapy design and delivery are required since exacting clinical procedures are involved. This chapter will outline many details essential for establishing an effective SBRT program in clinical practice.