The purpose of the present study was to determine the reliability and validity of the Sternal Wound Infection Prediction Scale. The tool was developed to fill the need for a quick and easy way to determine which patients are at risk of developing a sternal wound infection in order that preventive measures can be instituted. Data were collected by a retrospective chart review of 56 patient records, 27 who developed a sternal wound infection and 29 who did not. In this group of patients, obesity and diabetes were found to be statistically significant risk factors. Pharmacological support was found to be a clinically significant factor. Of the infected group, 68.4% of patients who developed a sternal wound infection were predicted to do so by the tool.
- Sternal wound infection
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