Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis complicated by an intramedullary abscess: A case report and review of the literature

Dat T. Vo, George F. Cravens, Robert E. Germann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background: Intramedullary abscess is a rare neurosurgical condition that usually arises in the setting of penetrating trauma to the spinal cord, infected congenital dural sinuses, or tuberculosis. Case presentation: We describe a case of a 35-year-old African American male who presented with sepsis and a clinical picture of meningitis. The patient continued to have declining neurological status with decreasing sensation and worsening motor strength in all four extremities. He was found to have an intramedullary abscess in the cervical spinal cord that was treated with a decompressive posterior cervical laminectomy and drainage. The patient began to have a partial recovery of neurological function postoperatively. We also review the literature on intramedullary abscess that suggests the clinical presentation of our patient was a rare complication of acute meningitis. Conclusions: Intramedullary abscess formation is a rare entity, and a high index of suspicion for intramedullary abscess is the key for making the diagnosis and expediting treatment for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number290
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 19 2016

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Keywords

  • Case report
  • Infected syrinx
  • Intramedullary abscess
  • Laminectomy
  • Meningitis
  • Myelotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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