Strict glucose control does not affect mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Robert H. Thiele, Nader Pouratian, Zhiyi Zuo, David C. Scalzo, Heather A. Dobbs, Aaron S. Dumont, Neal F. Kassell, Edward C. Nemergut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The effects of both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are deleterious to patients with neurologic injury. METHODS: On January 1, 2002, the neurointensive care unit at the University of Virginia Health System initiated a strict glucose control protocol (goal glucose < 120 mg/dl). The authors conducted an impact study to determine the effects of this protocol on patients presenting with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. RESULTS: Among the 834 patients admitted between 1995 and 2007, the in-hospital mortality was 11.6%. The median admission glucose for survivors was lower (135 vs. 176 mg/dl); however, on multivariate analysis, increasing admission glucose was not associated with a statistically significant increase in the risk of death (P = 0.064). The median average glucose for survivors was also lower (116 vs. 135 mg/dl). This was significant on multivariate analysis (P < 0.001); however, the effect was small (odds ratio, 1.045). Implementation of the strict glucose protocol decreased median average glucose (121 vs. 116 mg/dl, P < 0.001) and decreased the incidence of hyperglycemia. Implementation of the protocol had no effect on in-hospital mortality (11.7% vs. 12.0%, P = 0.876 [univariate], P = 0.132 [multivariate]). Protocol implementation was associated with an increased incidence of hypoglycemia (P < 0.001). Hypoglycemia was associated with a substantially increased risk of death on multivariate analysis (P = 0.009; odds ratio = 3.818). CONCLUSIONS: The initiation of a tight glucose control regimen lowered average glucose levels but had no effect on overall in-hospital mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)603-610
Number of pages8
JournalAnesthesiology
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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