The structural gene encoding human 3β-hydroxyste-roid dehydrogenase/Δ5->4-isomerase (3 β HSD) was isolated from a human EMBL3 genomic library. The gene encompasses approximately 8 kilobases of DNA and is comprised of two large introns and three exons encoding amino acid residues 1-48, 49-103, and 104-373, respectively. The exonic sequence is identical to that of the cDNA that we previously isolated and expressed in COS 1 cells. DNA sequence analysis reveals a putative TATA (TATATAA) motif 26 basepairs up-stream of the beginning of exon I, as determined by S1 nuclease protection analysis. However, primer extension analysis using poly(A)+ RNA isolated from both placenta and corpora lutea indicates that the RNA initiates up-stream of the putative TATA motif, and that an additional 53-basepair exon, which is untranslated, is present 5′ to the first coding exon. Southern hybridization analysis of genomic DNA using a single exon probe suggests that there may be more than one copy of the gene in the human genome. In addition, we confirm from Southern analysis of genomic DNA isolated from human × hamster somatic cell hybrids that the gene is located on human chromosome 1. These findings will provide a foundation for the characterization of apparent 3βHSD clinical deficiencies when these are due to a mutation in the structural gene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology