Structural and biochemical basis for selective repression of the orphan nuclear receptor liver receptor homolog 1 by small heterodimer partner

Yong Li, Mihwa Choi, Kelly Suino, Amanda Kovach, Jennifer Daugherty, Steven A. Kliewer, H. Eric Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The functional interaction between the orphan nuclear receptors small heterodimer partner (SHP) and liver receptor homolog 1 (LRH-1), where SHP binds to LRH-1 and represses its constitutive transcriptional activity, is crucial for regulating genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Here, we report structural and biochemical analyses of the LRH-1/SHP interaction. The crystal structure and modeling studies of the LRH-1 ligand-binding domain bound to either of the two LXXLL-related motifs of SHP show that the receptor undergoes conformational changes to accommodate the SHP docking and reveal key residues that determine the potency and selectivity of SHP binding. Through a combination of mutagenesis and binding studies, we demonstrate that only the second SHP LXXLL motif is required for repressing LRH-1, and this motif displays a strong preference for binding to LRH-1 over the closely related receptor steroidogeneic factor 1 (SF-1). Structural comparisons indicate that this binding selectivity is determined by residues flanking the core LXXLL motifs. These results establish a structural model for understanding how SHP interacts with LRH-1 to regulate cholesterol homeostasis and provide new insights into how nuclear receptor/coregulator selectivity is achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9505-9510
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume102
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2005

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Orphan Nuclear Receptors
Liver
Homeostasis
Steroidogenic Factor 1
Cholesterol
Structural Models
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Mutagenesis
Ligands

Keywords

  • Bile acids
  • Coactivators
  • Compressors
  • Steroidogeneic factor 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

Structural and biochemical basis for selective repression of the orphan nuclear receptor liver receptor homolog 1 by small heterodimer partner. / Li, Yong; Choi, Mihwa; Suino, Kelly; Kovach, Amanda; Daugherty, Jennifer; Kliewer, Steven A.; Xu, H. Eric.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 102, No. 27, 05.07.2005, p. 9505-9510.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kliewer, Steven A.

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