Structural and functional analysis of the mitotic rotamase Pin1 suggests substrate recognition is phosphorylation dependent

Rama Ranganathan, Kun Ping Lu, Tony Hunter, Joseph P. Noel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

556 Scopus citations


The human rotamase or peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase Pin1 is a conserved mitotic regulator essential for the G2/M transition of the eukaryotic cell cycle. We report the 1.35 Å crystal structure of Pin1 complexed with an AlaPro dipeptide and the initial characterization of Pin1's functional properties. The crystallographic structure as well as pH titration studies and mutagenesis of an active site cysteine suggest a catalytic mechanism that includes general acid-base and covalent catalysis during peptide bond isomerization. Pin1 displays a preference for an acidic residue N-terminal to the isomerized proline bond due to interaction of this acidic side chain with a basic cluster. This raises the possibility of phosphorylation-mediated control of Pin1-substrate interactions in cell cycle regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)875-886
Number of pages12
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 13 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this