Structural studies of rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase with monoclonal antibodies.

M. H. Nunnally, L. C. Hsu, M. C. Mumby, J. T. Stull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Monoclonal antibodies directed against rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase have been used to study the domains of this kinase. Specificity of nine monoclonal antibodies against rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase was demonstrated by immunoblot analysis and immunoadsorption of kinase activity. None of the antibodies reacted by immunoblot analysis with either chicken skeletal or rabbit smooth muscle myosin light chain kinases. Epitope mapping of trypsin-digested rabbit skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase showed that antibodies 2a, 9a, 9b, 12a, 12b, 16a, and 16b are directed against the 40-kDa catalytic domain. In addition, these seven antibodies reacted with sites that are clustered within a 14-kDa fragment of the kinase generated by Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease digestion. Two monoclonal antibodies, 14a and 19a, reacted with two distinct epitopes located within the inactive, asymmetric trypsin fragment. Six of nine monoclonal antibodies (2a, 9a, 9b, 12a, 12b, and 14a) inhibited kinase activity. Kinetic analyses demonstrated that antibodies 2a, 12a, and 14a inhibited kinase activity competitively with respect to myosin phosphorylatable light chain; 2a, 12a, and 14a exhibit noncompetitive inhibition with respect to calmodulin. These data suggest that monoclonal antibodies 2a, 12a, and 14a bind at or adjacent to the active site of the kinase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3833-3838
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number8
StatePublished - Mar 15 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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