Structural ultrafast dynamics of macromolecules: Diffraction of free DNA and effect of hydration

Milo M. Lin, Dmitry Shorokhov, Ahmed H. Zewail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Of special interest in molecular biology is the study of structural and conformational changes which are free of the additional effects of the environment. In the present contribution, we report on the ultrafast unfolding dynamics of a large DNA macromolecular ensemble in vacuo for a number of temperature jumps, and make a comparison with the unfolding dynamics of the DNA in aqueous solution. A number of coarse-graining approaches, such as kinetic intermediate structure (KIS) model and ensemble-averaged radial distribution functions, are used to account for the transitional dynamics of the DNA without sacrificing the structural resolution. The studied ensembles of DNA macromolecules were generated using distributed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, and the ensemble convergence was ensured by monitoring the ensemble-averaged radial distribution functions and KIS unfolding trajectories. Because the order-disorder transition in free DNA implies unzipping, coiling, and strand-separation processes which occur consecutively or competitively depending on the initial and final temperature of the ensemble, DNA order-disorder transition in vacuo cannot be described as a two-state (un)folding process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10619-10632
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume11
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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