New analogues of vardenafil and sildenafil illegally added to dietary supplements were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis with a photodiode array detector (PDA). These compounds were isolated and their structures elucidated by mass spectrometry (MS), infrared (IR) spectroscopy, one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). One of the new analogues given the trivial name pseudovardenafil (compound 1) was structurally elucidated and shown to be 1-[[3-(1,4-dihydro-5-methyl-4-oxo-7-propylimidazo[5,1-f][1,2,4] triazin-2-yl)-4-ethoxyphenyl]sulfonyl]-piperidine. It was a vardenafil analogue isolated from a dietary supplement capsule Compared with vardenafil, the piperidine ring was substituted for the ethylpiperazine group. The second new analogue, trivially named hydroxyhongdenafil (compound 2), was separated from bulk powder used as a raw material for a dietary supplement. The piperazine and phenyl groups were connected through an acetyl group instead of a sulfonyl group, and hydroxyethylpiperazine was substituted for the methylpiperazine of sildenafil. It was structurally elucidated as 5-[2-ethoxy-5-[[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl]acetyl]phenyl]-1, 4-dihydro-1-methyl-3-propyl-7H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis