Structure of the nucleotide activation switch in glycogen phosphorylase a

Stephen Sprang, Elizabeth Goldsmith, Robert Fletterick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adenosine monophosphate is required for the activation of glycogen phosphorylase b and for release of the inhibition of phosphorylase a by glucose. Two molecules of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) bind to symmetry related sites at the subunit interface of the phosphorylase dimer. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binds to the same site, but does not promote catalytic activity. The structure of glucose-inhibited phosphorylase a bound to AMP and also of the complex formed with glucose and ATP is described. Crystallographic refinement of these complexes reveals that structural changes are associated with AMP but not ATP binding. The origin of these effects can be traced to different effector binding modes exhibited by AMP and ATP, respectively. The conformational changes associated with AMP binding traverse multiple paths in the enzyme and link the effector and catalytic sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1012-1019
Number of pages8
JournalScience
Volume237
Issue number4818
StatePublished - 1987

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Phosphorylase a
Glycogen Phosphorylase
Adenosine Monophosphate
Nucleotides
Adenosine Triphosphate
Glucose
Phosphorylase b
Phosphorylases
Catalytic Domain
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Structure of the nucleotide activation switch in glycogen phosphorylase a. / Sprang, Stephen; Goldsmith, Elizabeth; Fletterick, Robert.

In: Science, Vol. 237, No. 4818, 1987, p. 1012-1019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sprang, S, Goldsmith, E & Fletterick, R 1987, 'Structure of the nucleotide activation switch in glycogen phosphorylase a', Science, vol. 237, no. 4818, pp. 1012-1019.
Sprang, Stephen ; Goldsmith, Elizabeth ; Fletterick, Robert. / Structure of the nucleotide activation switch in glycogen phosphorylase a. In: Science. 1987 ; Vol. 237, No. 4818. pp. 1012-1019.
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