Studies on the mechanism of hormonal stimulation of zinc uptake in human cell cultures: Hormone‐cell interactions and characteristics of zinc accumulation

R. P. Cox, A. Ruckenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adrenal steroid hormones with glucocorticoid activity increase the uptake of Zn++ in HeLa cell cultures. On the basis of the level of Zn++ accumulation induced, steroid hormones can be classified into four groups: (a) optimal inducers (e.g., hydrocortisone and prednisolone); (b) suboptimal inducers (e.g., aldosterone and corticosterone); (c) anti‐inducers (e.g., progesterone and 17 α‐methyl testosterone) which competitively inhibit induction by optimal inducers; and (d) non‐inducers (e.g., cortisone and pregnenolone) which neither induce nor inhibit the steroid‐mediated increase in Zn++ uptake. The ability of an anti‐inducer to block the effects of optimal inducers is not the result of inhibition of steroid uptake or an effect on general protein synthesis. Optimal inducers do not increase adenyl cyclase activity of HeLa cells nor can the hormone effects on Zn++ uptake be reproduced by 3'‐5' cyclic AMP. The prednisolone‐induced enhancement of Zn++ uptake is gradually lost over two or three days following removal of the hormone. Uptake of Zn++ by HeLa cells is not altered by a decrease of sodium concentration in the medium nor by changes in medium osmolarity. The uptake mechanism is not affected by subjecting intact cells to proteolytic enzymes; however, if cells are disrupted the hormone‐mediated increase in Zn++ accumulation is lost. The Zn++ taken up by HeLa cells in the presence or absence of hormone is primarily cytoplasmic in localization and appears to be distributed in a multicompartmental system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1971

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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