Subcellular localization of muscarinic effects on enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism in cultured corneal epithelial cells of the rabbit

A. M. Colley, H. D. Cavanagh, M. L. Law

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Abstract

Activities of adenylate and guanylate cyclases and cAMP and cGMP phosphodiesterases (cAPDE,cGPDE) were assayed in cell homogenates and subcellular fractions of cultured rabbit corneal epithelium, and effects of carbamylcholine on enzyme activities in each fraction were evaluated. Activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases was detectable in control incubations of homogenates, nuclei, the mitochondrial/lysosomal fraction, microsomes, and cytosol, although microsomal guanylate cyclase represented a very small proportion of the total cellular activity. In homogenates, carbamylcholine significantly elevated guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and reduced cGPDE activity. In mitochondrial/lysosomes, guanylate cyclase was elevated and cGPDE reduced, but the drug did not alter cAPDE activity. In microsomes, carbamylcholine enhanced cAPDE but did not alter guanylate cyclase of cGPDE activity. In the soluble cytoplasmic fraction the drug reduced guanylate cyclase activity. The purified nuclear fraction exhibited substantial activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases. Carbamylcholine significantly elevated activity of nuclear guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and significantly reduced nuclear cGPDE activity. The drug did not significantly alter adenylate cyclase in homogenates or in any cell fraction. The presence of activity of enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism in the cell nucleus and the sensitivity of nuclear guanylate cyclase, cAPDE and cGPDE to carbamylcholine, which in the same concentration range enhances activity of DNA and RNA polymerases, suggested the hypothesis that effects on cyclic nucleotide-dependent phosphorylation of nuclear proteins might be among regulatory mechanisms by which the drug alters rates of replication and transcription in corneal epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-38
Number of pages3
JournalMetabolic, Pediatric and Systemic Ophthalmology
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1987

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Guanylate Cyclase
Cyclic Nucleotides
Cholinergic Agents
Epithelial Cells
Rabbits
Carbachol
Enzymes
Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
Microsomes
Adenylyl Cyclases
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Corneal Epithelium
Subcellular Fractions
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
Nuclear Proteins
Lysosomes
Cell Nucleus
Cytosol
Phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Subcellular localization of muscarinic effects on enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism in cultured corneal epithelial cells of the rabbit",
abstract = "Activities of adenylate and guanylate cyclases and cAMP and cGMP phosphodiesterases (cAPDE,cGPDE) were assayed in cell homogenates and subcellular fractions of cultured rabbit corneal epithelium, and effects of carbamylcholine on enzyme activities in each fraction were evaluated. Activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases was detectable in control incubations of homogenates, nuclei, the mitochondrial/lysosomal fraction, microsomes, and cytosol, although microsomal guanylate cyclase represented a very small proportion of the total cellular activity. In homogenates, carbamylcholine significantly elevated guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and reduced cGPDE activity. In mitochondrial/lysosomes, guanylate cyclase was elevated and cGPDE reduced, but the drug did not alter cAPDE activity. In microsomes, carbamylcholine enhanced cAPDE but did not alter guanylate cyclase of cGPDE activity. In the soluble cytoplasmic fraction the drug reduced guanylate cyclase activity. The purified nuclear fraction exhibited substantial activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases. Carbamylcholine significantly elevated activity of nuclear guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and significantly reduced nuclear cGPDE activity. The drug did not significantly alter adenylate cyclase in homogenates or in any cell fraction. The presence of activity of enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism in the cell nucleus and the sensitivity of nuclear guanylate cyclase, cAPDE and cGPDE to carbamylcholine, which in the same concentration range enhances activity of DNA and RNA polymerases, suggested the hypothesis that effects on cyclic nucleotide-dependent phosphorylation of nuclear proteins might be among regulatory mechanisms by which the drug alters rates of replication and transcription in corneal epithelial cells.",
author = "Colley, {A. M.} and Cavanagh, {H. D.} and Law, {M. L.}",
year = "1987",
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T1 - Subcellular localization of muscarinic effects on enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism in cultured corneal epithelial cells of the rabbit

AU - Colley, A. M.

AU - Cavanagh, H. D.

AU - Law, M. L.

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Activities of adenylate and guanylate cyclases and cAMP and cGMP phosphodiesterases (cAPDE,cGPDE) were assayed in cell homogenates and subcellular fractions of cultured rabbit corneal epithelium, and effects of carbamylcholine on enzyme activities in each fraction were evaluated. Activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases was detectable in control incubations of homogenates, nuclei, the mitochondrial/lysosomal fraction, microsomes, and cytosol, although microsomal guanylate cyclase represented a very small proportion of the total cellular activity. In homogenates, carbamylcholine significantly elevated guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and reduced cGPDE activity. In mitochondrial/lysosomes, guanylate cyclase was elevated and cGPDE reduced, but the drug did not alter cAPDE activity. In microsomes, carbamylcholine enhanced cAPDE but did not alter guanylate cyclase of cGPDE activity. In the soluble cytoplasmic fraction the drug reduced guanylate cyclase activity. The purified nuclear fraction exhibited substantial activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases. Carbamylcholine significantly elevated activity of nuclear guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and significantly reduced nuclear cGPDE activity. The drug did not significantly alter adenylate cyclase in homogenates or in any cell fraction. The presence of activity of enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism in the cell nucleus and the sensitivity of nuclear guanylate cyclase, cAPDE and cGPDE to carbamylcholine, which in the same concentration range enhances activity of DNA and RNA polymerases, suggested the hypothesis that effects on cyclic nucleotide-dependent phosphorylation of nuclear proteins might be among regulatory mechanisms by which the drug alters rates of replication and transcription in corneal epithelial cells.

AB - Activities of adenylate and guanylate cyclases and cAMP and cGMP phosphodiesterases (cAPDE,cGPDE) were assayed in cell homogenates and subcellular fractions of cultured rabbit corneal epithelium, and effects of carbamylcholine on enzyme activities in each fraction were evaluated. Activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases was detectable in control incubations of homogenates, nuclei, the mitochondrial/lysosomal fraction, microsomes, and cytosol, although microsomal guanylate cyclase represented a very small proportion of the total cellular activity. In homogenates, carbamylcholine significantly elevated guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and reduced cGPDE activity. In mitochondrial/lysosomes, guanylate cyclase was elevated and cGPDE reduced, but the drug did not alter cAPDE activity. In microsomes, carbamylcholine enhanced cAPDE but did not alter guanylate cyclase of cGPDE activity. In the soluble cytoplasmic fraction the drug reduced guanylate cyclase activity. The purified nuclear fraction exhibited substantial activity of cyclases and phosphodiesterases. Carbamylcholine significantly elevated activity of nuclear guanylate cyclase and cAPDE and significantly reduced nuclear cGPDE activity. The drug did not significantly alter adenylate cyclase in homogenates or in any cell fraction. The presence of activity of enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism in the cell nucleus and the sensitivity of nuclear guanylate cyclase, cAPDE and cGPDE to carbamylcholine, which in the same concentration range enhances activity of DNA and RNA polymerases, suggested the hypothesis that effects on cyclic nucleotide-dependent phosphorylation of nuclear proteins might be among regulatory mechanisms by which the drug alters rates of replication and transcription in corneal epithelial cells.

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