Subtrochanteric fractures after retrograde femoral nailing

Varatharaj Mounasamy, Sathya Mallu, Vishesh Khanna, Senthil Sambandam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Secondary fractures around femoral nails placed for the management of hip fractures are well known. We report, two cases of a fracture of the femur at the interlocking screw site in the subtrochanteric area after retrograde femoral nailing of a femoral shaft fracture. Only a few reports in the existing literature have described these fractures. Two young men after sustaining a fall presented to us with pain, swelling and deformity in the upper thigh region. On enquiring, examining and radiographing them, peri-implant fractures of subtrochanteric nature through the distal interlocking screws were revealed in both patients who also had histories of previous falls for which retrograde intramedullary nailing was performed for their respective femora. Both patients were managed with similar surgical routines including removal of the existing hardware, open reduction and ace cephallomedullary antegrade nailing. The second case did show evidence of delayed healing and was additionally stabilized with cerclage wires. Both patients had uneventful postoperative outcomes and union was evident at the end of 6 mo postoperatively with a good range of motion at the hip and knee. Our report suggests that though seldom reported, peri-implant fractures around the subtrochanteric region can occur and pose a challenge to the treating orthopaedic surgeon. We suggest these be managed, after initial stabilization and resuscitation, by implant removal, open reduction and interlocking intramedullary antegrade nailing. Good results and progression to union can be expected in these patients by adhering to basic principles of osteosynthesis. copy; The Author(s) 2015.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-743
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Orthopaedics
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antegrade femoral nailing
  • Interlocking screw
  • Peri-implant fracture
  • Retrograde femoral nail
  • Subtrochanteric fractures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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