Seizures are indicative of underlying neurologic dysfunction in neonates. Repeated seizures may be deleterious to the brain even without disturbances of ventilation or perfusion. First-line antiepileptic drugs such as phenobarbital and phenytoin are not very effective in controlling seizures in neonates. Rapid control of status epilepticus with midazolam has been demonstrated in 2 previous studies with complete clinical and electrographic response in neonates who did not respond to phenobarbital and phenytoin. We report our experience with 3 neonates with status epilepticus. Seizures in all 3 neonates did not respond to phenobarbital and phenytoin but responded to midazolam infusion. Midazolam may be considered a safe and effective antiepileptic drug in refractory neonatal seizures of diverse etiologies.
- Neonatal seizures
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology