Suicidality and risk of suicide - Definition, drug safety concerns, and a necessary target for drug development: A brief report

Roger E. Meyer, Carl Salzman, Eric A. Youngstrom, Paula J. Clayton, Frederick K. Goodwin, J. John Mann, Larry D. Alphs, Karl Broich, Wayne K. Goodman, John F. Greden, Herbert Y. Meltzer, Sharon Lise T Normand, Kelly Posner, David Shaffer, Maria A. Oquendo, Barbara Stanley, Madhukar H. Trivedi, Gustavo Turecki, Charles M. Beasley, Annette L. BeautraisJeffrey A. Bridge, Gregory K. Brown, Dennis A. Revicki, Neal D. Ryan, David V. Sheehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To address issues concerning potential treatment-emergent "suicidality," a consensus conference was convened March 23-24, 2009. Participants: This gathering of participants from academia, government, and industry brought together experts in suicide prevention, clinical trial design, psychometrics, pharmacoepidemiology, and genetics, as well as research psychiatrists involved in studies in studies of psychiatric disorders associated with elevated suicide risk across the life cycle. The process involved reviews of the relevant literature, and a series of 6 breakout sessions focused on specific questions of interest. Evidence: Each of the participants at the meeting received references relevant to the formal presentations (as well as the slides for the presentations) for their review prior to the meeting. In addition, the assessment instruments of suicidal ideation/behavior were reviewed in relationship to standard measures of validity, reliability, and clinical utility, and these findings were discussed at length in relevant breakout groups, in the final plenary session, and in the preparation of the article. Consensus and dissenting views were noted. Consensus Process: Discussion and questions followed each formal presentation during the plenary sessions. Approximately 6 questions per breakout group were prepared in advance by members of the Steering Committee and each breakout group chair. Consensus in the breakout groups was achieved by nominal group process. Consensus recommendations and any dissent were reviewed for each breakout group at the final plenary session. All plenary sessions were recorded and transcribed by a court stenographer. Following the transcript, with input by each of the authors, the final paper went through 14 drafts. The output of the meeting was organized into this brief report and the accompanying full article from which it is distilled. The full article was developed by the authors with feedback from all participants at the meeting and represents a consensus view. Any areas of disagreement at the conference have been noted in the text. Conclusions: The term suicidality is not as clinically useful as more specific terminology (ideation, behavior, attempts, and suicide). Most participants applauded the FDA's encouragement of standard definitions and definable expectations for investigators and industry sponsors. Further research of available assessment instruments is needed to verify their utility, reliability, and validity in identifying suicide-associated treatment-emergent adverse effects and/or a signal of efficacy in suicide prevention trials. The FDA needs to systematically monitor postmarketing events by encouraging the development of a validated instrument for postmarketing surveillance of suicidal ideation, behavior, and risk. Over time, the FDA, industry, and clinical researchers should evaluate the impact of the requirement that all central nervous system clinical drug trials must include a Columbia Classification Algorithm of Suicide Assessment (C-CASA)-compatible screening instrument for assessing and documenting the occurrence of treatment-emergent suicidal ideation and behavior. Finally, patients at high risk for suicide can safely be included in clinical trials, if proper precautions are followed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1040-1046
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychiatry
Volume71
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Fingerprint

Suicide
Consensus
Safety
Suicidal Ideation
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Industry
Clinical Trials
Reproducibility of Results
Psychiatry
Pharmacoepidemiology
Research Personnel
Central Nervous System Agents
Committee Membership
Group Processes
Dissent and Disputes
Risk-Taking
Life Cycle Stages
Research
Psychometrics
Terminology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Meyer, R. E., Salzman, C., Youngstrom, E. A., Clayton, P. J., Goodwin, F. K., Mann, J. J., ... Sheehan, D. V. (2010). Suicidality and risk of suicide - Definition, drug safety concerns, and a necessary target for drug development: A brief report. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 71(8), 1040-1046. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.10cs06070ablu

Suicidality and risk of suicide - Definition, drug safety concerns, and a necessary target for drug development : A brief report. / Meyer, Roger E.; Salzman, Carl; Youngstrom, Eric A.; Clayton, Paula J.; Goodwin, Frederick K.; Mann, J. John; Alphs, Larry D.; Broich, Karl; Goodman, Wayne K.; Greden, John F.; Meltzer, Herbert Y.; Normand, Sharon Lise T; Posner, Kelly; Shaffer, David; Oquendo, Maria A.; Stanley, Barbara; Trivedi, Madhukar H.; Turecki, Gustavo; Beasley, Charles M.; Beautrais, Annette L.; Bridge, Jeffrey A.; Brown, Gregory K.; Revicki, Dennis A.; Ryan, Neal D.; Sheehan, David V.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Vol. 71, No. 8, 08.2010, p. 1040-1046.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Meyer, RE, Salzman, C, Youngstrom, EA, Clayton, PJ, Goodwin, FK, Mann, JJ, Alphs, LD, Broich, K, Goodman, WK, Greden, JF, Meltzer, HY, Normand, SLT, Posner, K, Shaffer, D, Oquendo, MA, Stanley, B, Trivedi, MH, Turecki, G, Beasley, CM, Beautrais, AL, Bridge, JA, Brown, GK, Revicki, DA, Ryan, ND & Sheehan, DV 2010, 'Suicidality and risk of suicide - Definition, drug safety concerns, and a necessary target for drug development: A brief report', Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 71, no. 8, pp. 1040-1046. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.10cs06070ablu
Meyer, Roger E. ; Salzman, Carl ; Youngstrom, Eric A. ; Clayton, Paula J. ; Goodwin, Frederick K. ; Mann, J. John ; Alphs, Larry D. ; Broich, Karl ; Goodman, Wayne K. ; Greden, John F. ; Meltzer, Herbert Y. ; Normand, Sharon Lise T ; Posner, Kelly ; Shaffer, David ; Oquendo, Maria A. ; Stanley, Barbara ; Trivedi, Madhukar H. ; Turecki, Gustavo ; Beasley, Charles M. ; Beautrais, Annette L. ; Bridge, Jeffrey A. ; Brown, Gregory K. ; Revicki, Dennis A. ; Ryan, Neal D. ; Sheehan, David V. / Suicidality and risk of suicide - Definition, drug safety concerns, and a necessary target for drug development : A brief report. In: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2010 ; Vol. 71, No. 8. pp. 1040-1046.
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