Sulfomethylation of di-, tri-, and polyazamacrocycles: A new route to entry of mixed-side-chain macrocyclic chelates

Jeroen Van Westrenen, A. Dean Sherry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sulfomethylation of piperazine and the polyazamacrocycles, [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4, and [18]aneN6 with formaldehyde bisulfite in aqueous medium at various pH values is described. The number of methanesulfonate groups introduced into these structures was found to be largely determined by pH. At neutral pH, disubstituted products of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4 are formed and, in the latter case, the trans-1,7-bis(methanesulfonate) isomer was predominant. Similarly, a single, symmetrical trisubstituted product was formed with [18]aneN6 at neutral pH. Monomethanesulfonated products of these same polyaza compounds were formed at more acidic pH's. These sulfomethylated products were used as an entry into a series of mono- and diacetate, phosphonate, and phosphinate derivatives of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, and [12]aneN4. The sulfonate groups may be converted to acetates without isolation of intermediates by using cyanide to displace the sulfonate(s) followed by acidic hydrolysis. The aminomethanesulfonates may also be oxidatively hydrolyzed by using aqueous triiodide as a prelude to the preparation of aminomethanephosphonates or aminomethanephosphinates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)524-532
Number of pages9
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume3
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1992

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Cyanides
Formaldehyde
Isomers
Hydrolysis
Derivatives
Organophosphonates
Acetates
methanesulfonic acid
formaldehyde bisulfite
piperazine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Sulfomethylation of di-, tri-, and polyazamacrocycles : A new route to entry of mixed-side-chain macrocyclic chelates. / Van Westrenen, Jeroen; Dean Sherry, A.

In: Bioconjugate Chemistry, Vol. 3, No. 6, 1992, p. 524-532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The sulfomethylation of piperazine and the polyazamacrocycles, [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4, and [18]aneN6 with formaldehyde bisulfite in aqueous medium at various pH values is described. The number of methanesulfonate groups introduced into these structures was found to be largely determined by pH. At neutral pH, disubstituted products of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4 are formed and, in the latter case, the trans-1,7-bis(methanesulfonate) isomer was predominant. Similarly, a single, symmetrical trisubstituted product was formed with [18]aneN6 at neutral pH. Monomethanesulfonated products of these same polyaza compounds were formed at more acidic pH's. These sulfomethylated products were used as an entry into a series of mono- and diacetate, phosphonate, and phosphinate derivatives of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, and [12]aneN4. The sulfonate groups may be converted to acetates without isolation of intermediates by using cyanide to displace the sulfonate(s) followed by acidic hydrolysis. The aminomethanesulfonates may also be oxidatively hydrolyzed by using aqueous triiodide as a prelude to the preparation of aminomethanephosphonates or aminomethanephosphinates.",
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N2 - The sulfomethylation of piperazine and the polyazamacrocycles, [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4, and [18]aneN6 with formaldehyde bisulfite in aqueous medium at various pH values is described. The number of methanesulfonate groups introduced into these structures was found to be largely determined by pH. At neutral pH, disubstituted products of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4 are formed and, in the latter case, the trans-1,7-bis(methanesulfonate) isomer was predominant. Similarly, a single, symmetrical trisubstituted product was formed with [18]aneN6 at neutral pH. Monomethanesulfonated products of these same polyaza compounds were formed at more acidic pH's. These sulfomethylated products were used as an entry into a series of mono- and diacetate, phosphonate, and phosphinate derivatives of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, and [12]aneN4. The sulfonate groups may be converted to acetates without isolation of intermediates by using cyanide to displace the sulfonate(s) followed by acidic hydrolysis. The aminomethanesulfonates may also be oxidatively hydrolyzed by using aqueous triiodide as a prelude to the preparation of aminomethanephosphonates or aminomethanephosphinates.

AB - The sulfomethylation of piperazine and the polyazamacrocycles, [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4, and [18]aneN6 with formaldehyde bisulfite in aqueous medium at various pH values is described. The number of methanesulfonate groups introduced into these structures was found to be largely determined by pH. At neutral pH, disubstituted products of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, [12]aneN4 are formed and, in the latter case, the trans-1,7-bis(methanesulfonate) isomer was predominant. Similarly, a single, symmetrical trisubstituted product was formed with [18]aneN6 at neutral pH. Monomethanesulfonated products of these same polyaza compounds were formed at more acidic pH's. These sulfomethylated products were used as an entry into a series of mono- and diacetate, phosphonate, and phosphinate derivatives of [9]aneN3, [12]aneN3, and [12]aneN4. The sulfonate groups may be converted to acetates without isolation of intermediates by using cyanide to displace the sulfonate(s) followed by acidic hydrolysis. The aminomethanesulfonates may also be oxidatively hydrolyzed by using aqueous triiodide as a prelude to the preparation of aminomethanephosphonates or aminomethanephosphinates.

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