Superior semicircular canal dehiscence in patients with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea

Kyle P. Allen, Carlos L. Perez, Brandon Isaacson, Peter S. Roland, Thao T. Duong, J. Walter Kutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To determine the prevalence of superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD) in patients with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Tertiary care referral center. Subjects and Methods. Patients included have undergone a middle fossa craniotomy for repair of spontaneous CSF otorrhea between January 2007 and December 2011. The main outcome measure is the presence or absence of SCD observed during spontaneous CSF leak repair. Computed tomography (CT) imaging was also reviewed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of this modality. Results. Thirty-three ears in 31 patients underwent surgical repair for spontaneous CSF otorrhea via a middle fossa craniotomy. The average age at the time of repair was 60.5 years, and 80.6% of patients were female. A dehiscence of the superior canal was observed in 15.2% of ears (16.1% of individuals). No significant difference in age, body mass index, or sex was noted between those patients with or without a superior canal dehiscence. For the diagnosis of SCD, coronal CTwas 100% sensitive and 91.7% specific. The positive predictive value and negative predictive value of CT were 66.7% and 100%, respectively. Conclusion. The prevalence of superior semicircular canal dehiscence in ears with spontaneous otorrhea is 15.2%. This prevalence is greater than the 0.5% reported in a temporal bone study of ears not selected for CSF otorrhea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1120-1124
Number of pages5
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume147
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea
  • Otology
  • Skull base
  • Superior semicircular canal dehiscence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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