Suppression of malignancy in human lung cancer (A549/8) X mouse fibroblast (3T3-4-E) somatic cell hybrids

D. N. Carney, C. J. Edgell, A. F. Gazdar, J. D. Minna

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Abstract

Interspecies hybrid cells were formed by the fusion of two parent cells: 1) the human lung cancer (bronchioloalveolar) line A549/8, which is not contact inhibited, rapidly produces tumors in athymic nude (nu/nu) mice, and forms colonies in agarose, and 2) the mouse fibroblast line 3T3-4E, which is contact inhibited, is nontumorigenic in nude mice, and does not form colonies in agarose. These hybrid cells were tested 40-50 generations after fusion. The presence of 20 of the 23 different human chromosomes was tested by isoenzyme analysis, and examples of expression of each isoenzyme marker were found in at least some hybrid clones. All 14 independent hybrid clones tested were nontumorigenic in nude mice. Testing of hybrid clones for their ability to form colonies in agarose revealed two distinct phenotypes: agarose' (clones forming colonies at 1-4% of the plated cells) and agarose (no colonies formed/105 cells tested). These phenotypes were discordant with all human isoenzymes tested. Malignant human lung cancer A549/8 x non-malignant mouse 3T3-4E cell hybrids were nontumorigenic in nude mice; thus malignancy of the bronchioloalveolar lung cancer behaved as a recessive trait. This nontumorigenicity was not accounted for by an absolute loss of the human chromosomes tested, but gene dosage may play a role. In contrast, the ability to clone in agarose was expressed in some hybrids (and thus behaved as a dominant trait); at present, agarose clonability cannot be related to specific human chromosomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-415
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume62
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1979

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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