Suppression of Reactive Oxygen Species and Neurodegeneration by the PGC-1 Transcriptional Coactivators

Julie St-Pierre, Stavit Drori, Marc Uldry, Jessica M. Silvaggi, James Rhee, Sibylle Jäger, Christoph Handschin, Kangni Zheng, Jiandie Lin, Wenli Yang, David K. Simon, Robert Bachoo, Bruce M. Spiegelman

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1425 Scopus citations

Abstract

PPARγ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) is a potent stimulator of mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration. Since the mitochondrial electron transport chain is the main producer of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in most cells, we examined the effect of PGC-1α on the metabolism of ROS. PGC-1α is coinduced with several key ROS-detoxifying enzymes upon treatment of cells with an oxidative stressor; studies with RNAi or null cells indicate that PGC-1α is required for the induction of many ROS-detoxifying enzymes, including GPx1 and SOD2. PGC-1α null mice are much more sensitive to the neurodegenerative effects of MPTP and kainic acid, oxidative stressors affecting the substantia nigra and hippocampus, respectively. Increasing PGC-1α levels dramatically protects neural cells in culture from oxidative-stressor-mediated death. These studies reveal that PGC-1α is a broad and powerful regulator of ROS metabolism, providing a potential target for the therapeutic manipulation of these important endogenous toxins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-408
Number of pages12
JournalCell
Volume127
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

St-Pierre, J., Drori, S., Uldry, M., Silvaggi, J. M., Rhee, J., Jäger, S., Handschin, C., Zheng, K., Lin, J., Yang, W., Simon, D. K., Bachoo, R., & Spiegelman, B. M. (2006). Suppression of Reactive Oxygen Species and Neurodegeneration by the PGC-1 Transcriptional Coactivators. Cell, 127(2), 397-408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2006.09.024