Surface Technologies in Spinal Fusion

Jacob J. Enders, Daniel Coughlin, Thomas E. Mroz, Shaleen Vira

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Patients with symptomatic instability of the spine may be treated surgically with interbody fusion. Cost and complexity in this procedure arises owing to the implanted materials involved with facilitating fusion such as titanium or polyetheretherketone. Surface modifications have been developed to augment these base materials such as plasma-spraying polyetheretherketone with titanium or coating implants with hydroxyapatite. Although some evidence has been gathered on these novel materials, additional study is needed to establish the true efficacy of surface modifications for interbody fusion devices in improving long-term patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Cage
  • Lumbar interbody fusion
  • Modification
  • Surface technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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