Surgical hip dislocation is safe and effective following acute traumatic hip instability in the adolescent

David A. Podeszwa, Adriana De La Rocha, Annalise N. Larson, Daniel J. Sucato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A traumatic hip dislocation in the pediatric patient is a rare but potentially catastrophic injury. The purpose of this study was to review our early clinical results and radiographic morphology of hips treated with a surgical hip dislocation (SHD) approach for intra-articular hip pathology resulting from traumatic instability in pediatric and adolescent patients. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of patients presenting with nonconcentric reduction after traumatic hip instability. All patients were treated with a transtrochanteric SHD with concomitant procedures based on intraarticular findings. Radiographic evaluations and Harris Hip Scores were completed at final follow-up. Results: Eleven male patients, mean age of 12.3 years (range, 9.3 to 16.1 y) and mean body mass index 19.6 kg/m<sup>2</sup> (range, 15.4 to 28.0 kg/m<sup>2</sup>). Intraoperative findings included: labral tear (8), femoral cartilage injury (5), acetabular rim fracture (4), acetabular cartilage delamination (3), loose body (2), and femoral head osteochondral fracture (1). Postoperatively, 1 patient developed a transient peroneal nerve palsy. At a mean 24.5 months (range, 12.0 to 48.1 mo) postoperatively, no hips have radiographic evidence of osteonecrosis. The mean lateral center edge angle was 20 degrees (range, 9 to 38 degrees) with 6 hips of <20 degrees; mean acetabular index 9 degrees (range,-2 to 23 degrees) with 5 hips of >10 degrees; mean a-angle 56 degrees (range, 48 to 62 degrees) with 6 hips of >55 degrees; mean acetabular version 12 degrees (range, 8 to 16 degrees) with 8 hips of <15 degrees. At 1-year follow-up, the mean Harris Hip Score was 95.8 (range, 84.7 to 100). Conclusions: Early results suggest that SHD is a safe approach to treat an incomplete reduction following posterior hip instability and is effective for identification and treatment of acute intra-articular pathology. Acetabular dysplasia, relative acetabular retroversion, and/or decreased femoral offset may be risk factors for posterior hip instability in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-442
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Volume35
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Acetabular fracture
  • Acetabular retroversion
  • Labral injury
  • Surgical hip dislocation
  • Traumatic hip dislocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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