Surgical site infections after foot and ankle surgery: A comparison of patients with and without diabetes

Dane K. Wukich, Ryan L. McMillen, Nicholas J. Lowery, Robert G. Frykberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - This prospective study was designed to evaluate the rate of surgical site infection (SSI) after foot and ankle surgery in patients with and without diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN ANDMETHODS - The study prospectively evaluated 1,465 consecutive foot and ankle surgical cases performed by a single surgeon. RESULTS - The overall SSI rate in this study was 3.5%, with significantly more infections occurring in individuals with diabetes than in those without (9.5 vs. 2.4%, P < 0.001). Peripheral neuropathy, Charcot neuroarthropathy, current or past smoking, and increasing length of surgery were significantly associated with SSI on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS - This study demonstrates significant associations between the development of SSI and chronic complications of diabetes. We confirm previous findings that it is peripheral neuropathy and not diabetes itself that most strongly determines the development of postoperative infections in these surgical patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2211-2213
Number of pages3
JournalDiabetes care
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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