Survival of corneal grafts from donors supported by mechanical ventilation

J. A. Seedor, R. D. Stulting, R. J. Epstein, R. E. Nay, N. G. Dreizen, G. O. Waring, L. A. Wilson, Harrison D Cavanagh

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Abstract

Eighty-five patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty with tissue from donors supported by mechanical ventilation (Ventilator group) were compared to a surgeon- and diagnosis-matched group (Control group). Age at surgery, duration of follow-up, and sex of recipient patients were similar in the two groups. The mean donor age in the Ventilator group (26.4 years) was significantly less than in the Control group (45.8 years, P < 0.0001). Mean time on the ventilator was 99.4 hours (range, 4 hours to 21 days). Overall graft survival rates in the Ventilator and Control groups were similar (P ≥ 0.72). Time on the ventilator did not affect graft survival. Cultures of corneoscleral donor rims were positive more often in the Ventilator group than in Controls (39.7 versus 23.1%), but the difference was not significant (P = 0.09). Prolonged ventilator time was not associated with a higher rate of positive corneoscleral rim cultures, nor did positive cultures affect graft survival. The most common cause of graft failure in both groups was allograft rejection. In no case could postoperative bacterial infection be attributed to contamination of the donor material. One case of primary donor failure occurred in the Ventilator group, but the incidence (1.2%) is similar to that of previously reported studies. The data indicate that corneal tissue from ventilator-supported donors should be considered for use in penetrating keratoplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmology
Volume94
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Seedor, J. A., Stulting, R. D., Epstein, R. J., Nay, R. E., Dreizen, N. G., Waring, G. O., ... Cavanagh, H. D. (1987). Survival of corneal grafts from donors supported by mechanical ventilation. Ophthalmology, 94(2), 101-108.