Helicobacter pylori is a gastric pathogen that is a major cause of peptic ulcer disease, has a role in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and is associated with gastric cancer. Yet, in a large proportion of the human population, H. pylori infection has no apparent adverse clinical consequences. Furthermore, recent research suggests that H. pylori may even confer protection against gastroesophageal reflux disease. The conflicting evidence surrounding H. pylori infection was discussed at a sponsored symposium in Helsinki, introduced by Professor P. Malfertheiner, with papers presented by Dr H. J. O'Connor, Professor R. M. Genta, Dr P. Unge and Professor A. T. R. Axon. Emerging epidemiological and retrospective evidence suggests that the presence of H. pylori infection may provide some protection against gastroesophageal reflux disease, but there is other evidence that shows no benefit of H. pylori for the protection of the oesophagus. It was felt that prospective, multicentre studies are needed to explore the H. pylori-gastroesophageal disease relationship further, to avoid confusing potential benefits with known risks. Following the symposium, a discussion on the relative risks and benefits for H. pylori eradication was provided by Professor Axon and Professor Blaser. Eradication of H. pylori has been recommended in a series of management guidelines issued by consensus groups. However, accurate estimates of the relative risks and benefits of H. pylori infection in the general population, as well as in specific patient groups, is essential in order to develop a management strategy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Supplement|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)