Synchronous alterations of Wnt and epidermal growth factor receptor signaling pathways through aberrant methylation and mutation in non-small cell lung cancer

Makoto Suzuki, Hisayuki Shigematsu, Takahiro Nakajima, Rieko Kubo, Shinichiro Motohashi, Yasuo Sekine, Kiyoshi Shibuya, Toshihiko Iizasa, Kenzo Hiroshima, Yukio Nakatani, Adi F. Gazdar, Takehiko Fujisawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The Wnt and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathways play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of a variety of malignant tumors. Although the details of each cascade are understood, very little is known about their collective effects in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Experimental Design: At otal of 238 NSCLC samples were examined for methylation of Wnt antagonists [secreted frizzled-related protein (sFRP)-1, sFRP-2, sFRP-5, Wnt inhibitory factor-1, and Dickkopf-3] and for EGFR and KRAS mutations. Protein expression levels of β-catenin were assayed in 91 of the 238 NSCLCs. Results: We found that (a) aberrant methylation of Wnt antagonists is common in NSCLCs; (b) methylation of sFRP-2 is more prevalent in females, nonsmokers, and adenocarcinoma cases; (c) Dickkopf-3 methylation is significantly associated with a poor prognosis in adenocarcinomas; (d) there is a positive correlation between activated EGFR mutation and nuclear accumulation of β-catenin; (e) KRAS mutation and aberrant methylation of Wnt antagonists are positively correlated; and (f) EGFR mutation is significantly associated with a good prognosis in tumors lacking methylated Wnt antagonist genes. Conclusions: These results contribute to a better understanding of the cross-talk between the Wnt and EGFR signaling pathways and help foster development of chemotherapeutic treatments in NSCLCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6087-6092
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume13
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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