The intermolecular [3 + 2] cycloaddition of carbohydrate-derived 1,2-diaza-1,3-butadienes and 1,3-thiazolium-4-olates provides a conceptual basis for the problem of diastereofacial preference in the acyclic series of unsaturated sugars. Experimental results employing a side chain of D-arabino configuration have shown the stereodifferentiation exerted by the first stereogenic center that renders the Re,Re face of the acyclic sugar-chain azadiene eligible for cycloaddition (J. Org. Chem. 2000, 65, 5089). The results of the present work, now utilizing an alternative framework of D-lyxo configuration, evidence the discriminating power of the second stereogenic carbon, which induces the preferential approach to the Re,Si face of the heterocyclic dipole. This scheme of face selectivity is also grounded in theoretical calculations at a semiempirical level. In addition to dihydrothiophenes, which are the expected products of the [3 + 2] cycloaddition, bicyclic systems based on dihydrothieno[2,3-c]piperidine skeleton can also be obtained.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry