Ricin B chains treated with chloramine-T in the presence or absence of NaI show a 100-fold to 200-fold reduction in their ability to bind to the galactose-containing protein asialofetuin. Such treated B chains do not form covalently associated homodimers with treated B chains or heterodimers with native ricin A chains. Furthermore, they cannot enhance the toxicity of a ricin A chain-containing rabbit anti-human immunoglobulin (RAHIg-A) for Daudi cells. However, when such B chains are coupled to goat anti-rabbit Ig (GARIg), they potentiate the killing of RAHIg-A-treated Daudi cells only slightly less effectively than GARIg coupled to native B chains. Furthermore, if GARIg-B chain conjugates are treated with chloramine-T after coupling, they fail to bind to asialofetuin but enhance the killing of Daudi cells treated with RAHIg-A. These results demonstrate that the ability of ricin B chains to bind to galactose and to enhance the toxicity of ricin A chains (in the form of an antibody-A chain) can be operationally separated. Thus, the two functions of the B chain may reside on separate domains of the molecule.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy