Synthesis and evaluation of sulfonylnitrophenylthiazoles (SNPTs) as thyroid hormone receptor-coactivator interaction inhibitors

Jong Yeon Hwang, Ramy R. Attia, Fangyi Zhu, Lei Yang, Andrew Lemoff, Cynthia Jeffries, Michele C. Connelly, R. Kiplin Guy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously identified a series of methylsulfonylnitrobenzoates (MSNBs) that block the interaction of the thyroid hormone receptor with its coactivators. MSNBs inhibit coactivator binding through irreversible modification of cysteine 298 of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR). Although MSNBs have better pharmacological features than our first generation inhibitors (β-aminoketones), they contain a potentially unstable ester linkage. Here we report the bioisosteric replacement of the ester linkage with a thiazole moiety, yielding sulfonylnitrophenylthiazoles (SNPTs). An array of SNPTs representing optimal side chains from the MSNB series was constructed using parallel chemistry and evaluated to test their antagonism of the TR-coactivator interaction. Selected active compounds were evaluated in secondary confirmatory assays including regulation of thyroid response element driven transcription in reporter constructs and native genes. In addition the selected SNPTs were shown to be selective for TR relative to other nuclear hormone receptors (NRs).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2301-2310
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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    Hwang, J. Y., Attia, R. R., Zhu, F., Yang, L., Lemoff, A., Jeffries, C., Connelly, M. C., & Guy, R. K. (2012). Synthesis and evaluation of sulfonylnitrophenylthiazoles (SNPTs) as thyroid hormone receptor-coactivator interaction inhibitors. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 55(5), 2301-2310. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm201546m