An efficient method for the synthesis and purification of a variety of iodinated phospholipid analogues is described. 1-Acyl-2-[[[3-(3-[125I] iodo-4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionyl]amino]caproyl]phosphatidylcholine (125I-PC) was prepared by alkylation of 1-acyl-2-(aminocaproyl)phosphatidylcholine with monoiodinated Bolton-Hunter reagent. 125I-Labeled phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylserine were produced from 125I-PC by phospholipase D catalyzed base exchange in the presence of ethanol-amine or l-serine. All of these lipid analogues transferred readily from donor vesicles into recipient membranes. When an excess of acceptor vesicles was mixed with a population of donor vesicles containing the iodinated analogues, approximately 50% of the 125I-labeled lipids transferred to the acceptor vesicle population. In addition, under appropriate incubation conditions, these lipids were observed to transfer from vesicles to mammalian cells. Autoradiographic analysis of 125I-labeled lipids extracted from the cells after incubation with vesicles at 2 °C for 60 min revealed that a large proportion of the 125I-labeled phosphatidic acid was metabolized to 125I-labeled diglyceride and 125I-labeled phosphatidylcholine, whereas no metabolism of exogenously supplied 125I-labeled phosphatidylethanolamine or 125I-labeled phosphatidylcholine could be detected.
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