Synthesis of hydroxy-telechelic poly(methyl acrylate) and polystyrene by atom transfer radical coupling

Traian Sarbu, Koon Yee Lin, James Spanswick, Roberto R. Gil, Daniel J. Siegwart, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydroxy-terminated poly(methyl acrylate) (HO-PMABr) and polystyrene (HO-PStBr) were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) using a HO-functionalized initiator. These HO-functional polymers were further employed in an atom transfer radical coupling (ATRC) reaction in the presence of a zerovalent metal forming hydroxy-telechelic poly(methyl acrylate) (HO-PMA-OH) and polystyrene (HO-PSt-OH). In ATRC process macroradicals, generated in situ by an atom transfer radical equilibrium, take part in bimolecular termination reactions in the presence of a reducing agent, such as nanosize copper. The coupling of hydroxy-terminated PSt was fast; after 3 h more than 95% of polymeric chains being reacted. Under similar ATRC conditions, the coupling of poly(methyl acrylate) was slow since the ATRP equilibrium constant, and consequently radical concentration, is much smaller than those of polystyrene. This difficulty was overcome by introducing small amounts of St in the ATRC of polyacrylate. The acrylate radicals-generated during the activation step in the presence of cuprous halide complex - react with styrene producing styrene-terminated acrylate macroradicals that combine in a similar manner and at rates similar to polystyrene chains. Equimolar amounts of St vs polyacrylate chain end provided hydroxy-telechelic polymers with high coupling efficiency after a short reaction time. NMR analyses performed on the coupling product of hydroxy-terminated poly(methyl acrylate) showed the incorporation of catalytic amounts of St during ATRC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9694-9700
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume37
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2004

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Polystyrenes
Atoms
Styrene
Atom transfer radical polymerization
Polyacrylates
Functional polymers
Reducing Agents
Metal forming
Equilibrium constants
Reducing agents
methyl acrylate
Copper
Polymers
Chemical activation
Nuclear magnetic resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis of hydroxy-telechelic poly(methyl acrylate) and polystyrene by atom transfer radical coupling. / Sarbu, Traian; Lin, Koon Yee; Spanswick, James; Gil, Roberto R.; Siegwart, Daniel J.; Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 37, No. 26, 28.12.2004, p. 9694-9700.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sarbu, Traian ; Lin, Koon Yee ; Spanswick, James ; Gil, Roberto R. ; Siegwart, Daniel J. ; Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof. / Synthesis of hydroxy-telechelic poly(methyl acrylate) and polystyrene by atom transfer radical coupling. In: Macromolecules. 2004 ; Vol. 37, No. 26. pp. 9694-9700.
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abstract = "Hydroxy-terminated poly(methyl acrylate) (HO-PMABr) and polystyrene (HO-PStBr) were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) using a HO-functionalized initiator. These HO-functional polymers were further employed in an atom transfer radical coupling (ATRC) reaction in the presence of a zerovalent metal forming hydroxy-telechelic poly(methyl acrylate) (HO-PMA-OH) and polystyrene (HO-PSt-OH). In ATRC process macroradicals, generated in situ by an atom transfer radical equilibrium, take part in bimolecular termination reactions in the presence of a reducing agent, such as nanosize copper. The coupling of hydroxy-terminated PSt was fast; after 3 h more than 95{\%} of polymeric chains being reacted. Under similar ATRC conditions, the coupling of poly(methyl acrylate) was slow since the ATRP equilibrium constant, and consequently radical concentration, is much smaller than those of polystyrene. This difficulty was overcome by introducing small amounts of St in the ATRC of polyacrylate. The acrylate radicals-generated during the activation step in the presence of cuprous halide complex - react with styrene producing styrene-terminated acrylate macroradicals that combine in a similar manner and at rates similar to polystyrene chains. Equimolar amounts of St vs polyacrylate chain end provided hydroxy-telechelic polymers with high coupling efficiency after a short reaction time. NMR analyses performed on the coupling product of hydroxy-terminated poly(methyl acrylate) showed the incorporation of catalytic amounts of St during ATRC.",
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