Syphilis serology in human immunodeficiency virus infection: Evidence for false-negative fluorescent treponemal testing

Emily J. Erbelding, David Vlahov, Kenrad E. Nelson, Anne M. Rompalo, Sylvia Cohn, Pablo Sanchez, Thomas C. Quinn, Wayne Brathwaite, David L. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Injection drug users were assessed serologically for human immunodeficiency virus infection and syphilis every 6 months. Treatment histories were reviewed for any high-titer biologic false-positive (BFP) reactors, that is, persons with rapid plasma reagin (RPR) titers ≤1:4 and negative results for fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption (FTA-ABS) tests. Selected sera were analyzed further by immunoblotting for the presence of antibodies reactive with specific Treponema pallidum antigens. Of 112 BFP reactors, 35 (31%) had at least one RPR test reactive at a dilution >1:8 while the FTA-ABS test remained nonreactive. Five reactors (4.5%) converted from nonreactive to reactive by FTA-ABS test; 4 (3.6%) were reactive by FTA- ABS tests but later became nonreactive. Antibodies to T. pallidum membrane antigens were detected in some samples that were persistently nonreactive by FTA-ABS test. Serologic patterns over time, along with very high-titer BFP reactions and reactivity with T. pallidum-specific antigens, suggest that some BFP reactions may represent FTA-negative syphilis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1397-1400
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume176
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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