Systematic development of a group quantification method using evaporative light scattering detector for relative quantification of ginsenosides in ginseng products

Gwang Jin Lee, Byong kyu Shin, Yun Hyun Yu, Jongsung Ahn, Sung Won Kwon, Jeong Hill Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The determination for the contents of multi-components in ginseng products has come to the fore by demands of in-depth information, but the associated industries confront the high cost of securing pure standards for the continuous quality evaluation of the products. This study aimed to develop a prospective high-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) method for relative quantification of ginsenosides in ginseng products without a considerable change from the conventional gradient analysis. We investigated the effects of mobile phase composition and elution bandwidth, which are potential variables affecting the ELSD response in the gradient analysis. Similar ELSD response curves of nine major ginsenosides were obtained under the identical flow injection conditions, and the response increased as the percentage of organic solvent increased. The nine ginsenosides were divided into three groups to confirm the effect of elution bandwidth. The ELSD response significantly decreased in case of the late eluted ginsenoside in the individual groups under the isocratic conditions. With the consideration of the two important effects, stepwise changes of the gradient condition were carried out to reach a group quantification method. The inconsistent responses of the nine ginsenosides were reconstituted to three normalized responses by the stepwise changes of the gradient condition, and this result actualized relative quantification in the individual groups. The availability was confirmed by comparing the ginsenoside contents in a base material of ginseng products determined by the direct and group quantification method. The largest difference in the determination results from the two methods was 8.26%, and the difference of total contents was only 0.91%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-165
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Publication statusPublished - Sep 5 2016



  • Evaporative light scattering detector
  • Ginseng product
  • Ginsenoside
  • Quality control
  • Relative quantification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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