TACE in perinatal mouse lung epithelial cells promotes lung saccular formation

Wei Xu, Chengyu Liu, Vesa Kaartinen, Hui Chen, Chi Han Lu, Wenming Zhang, Yongfeng Luo, Wei Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-a converting enzyme (TACE) is a cell membrane sheddase, expressed in both developmental lung epithelia and mesenchyme. Global abrogation of TACE results in neonatal lethality and multiple organ developmental abnormalities, including dysplastic lung. To further define the roles of TACE in regulating lung development, lung epithelial and/or mesenchymal specific TACE conditional knockout mice were generated. Blockade of TACE function in developing lung epithelial cells caused reduced saccular formation, decreased cell proliferation, and reduced mid-distal lung epithelial cell differentiation. In contrast, mesenchymal TACE knockout did not have any phenotypic change in developing lung. Simultaneous abrogation of TACE in both lung epithelial and mesenchymal cells did not result in a more severe lung abnormality. Interestingly, these lung-specific TACE conditional knockout mice were not neonatal lethal, and their lung structures were essentially normal after alveolarization. In addition, TACE conditional knockout in developing cardiomyo-cytes resulted in noncompaction of ventricular myocardium, as seen in TACE conventional knockout mice. However, these mice were also not neonatal lethal. In conclusion, lung epithelial TACE is essential for promoting fetal lung saccular formation, but not postnatal lung alveolarization in mice. Because the developmental abnormality of either lung or heart induced by TACE deficiency does not directly lead to neonatal lethality, the neonatal death of TACE conventional knockout mice is likely a result of synergistic effects of multiple organ abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L953-L963
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume305
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2013

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Keywords

  • Lung development
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α converting enzyme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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