Tapered vs Cylindrical Stem Fixation in a Model of Femoral Bone Deficiency in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

Robert D. Russell, William Pierce, Michael H. Huo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Distal fixation achieved with a tapered stem design has demonstrated favorable clinical results in revision total hip arthroplasty in the setting of severe bone defects. However, stem subsidence is common with this stem design. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the initial fixation stability of a tapered stem design to a fully porous-coated cylindrical stem design in a model of severe femoral bone deficiency. Methods: Tapered and cylindrical stems (n = 8) were implanted into a model femur with progressively shorter segments for fixation (9, 6, or 3 cm). The stems were axially loaded, and the force to produce subsidence was recorded. Results: Average loads to produce 150 μm of displacement with a 3-cm segment were higher for the tapered stem (393 N vs 221 N, P < .01). No difference was observed in the 6- or 9-cm models. Average loads to produce failure (>4-mm subsidence) were also higher for tapered stems with a 3-cm segment (1574 N vs 500 N, P < .0001). A regression analysis determined the minimum segment length of 1.5-2.5 cm to obtain stable fixation with a tapered stem design (R2 = 0.78, P < .001). Conclusions: Tapered stems required higher loads to produce subsidence than cylindrical stems in a revision THA model. Revision tapered stems require a minimum intact segment of 1.5-2.5 cm to obtain adequate initial fixation stability. Revision tapered stems have superior initial fixation stability to cylindrical stems in the setting of severe bone loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1352-1355
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cylindrical stems
  • Femoral fixation
  • Revision THA
  • Subsidence
  • Tapered stems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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