Targeting the bacteria-host interface strategies in anti-adhesion therapy

Anne Marie Krachler, Kim Orth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bacterial infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and are increasingly problematic to treat due to the rise in antibiotic-resistant strains. it becomes more and more challenging to develop new antimicrobials that are able to withstand the ever-increasing repertoire of bacterial resistance mechanisms. This necessitates the development of alternative approaches to prevent and treat bacterial infections. One of the first steps during bacterial infection is adhesion of the pathogen to host cells. A pathogen's ability to colonize and invade host tissues strictly depends on this process. Thus, interference with adhesion (anti-adhesion therapy) is an efficient way to prevent or treat bacterial infections. As a basis to present different strategies to interfere with pathogen adhesion, this review briefly introduces general concepts of bacterial attachment to host cells. we further discuss advantages and disadvantages of anti-adhesion treatments and issues that are in need of improvement so as to make anti-adhesion compounds a more broadly applicable alternative to conventional antimicrobials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-294
Number of pages11
JournalVirulence
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Anti-adhesion treatment
  • Anti-adhesive
  • Antimicrobial therapy
  • Bacterial adhesion
  • Host-pathogen interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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