Temperature mapping of frozen tissue using eddy current compensated half excitation RF pulses

Janaka P. Wansapura, Bruce L. Daniel, John Pauly, Kim Butts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Cryosurgery has been shown to be an effective therapy for prostate cancer. Temperature monitoring throughout the cryo-surgical iceball could dramatically improve efficacy, since end temperatures of at least -40°C are required. The results of this study indicate that MR thermometry based on tissue R2* has the potential to provide this information. Frozen tissue appears as a complete signal void on conventional MRI. Ultrashort echo times (TEs), achievable with half pulse excitation and a short spiral readout, allow frozen tissue to be imaged and MR characteristics to be measured. However, half pulse excitation is highly sensitive to eddy current distortions of the slice-select gradient. In this work, the effects of eddy currents on the half pulse technique are characterized and methods to overcome these effects are developed. The methods include: 1) eddy current compensated slice-select gradients, and 2) a correction for the phase shift between the first and second half excitations at the center of the slice. The effectiveness of these methods is demonstrated in R2* maps calculated within the frozen region during cryoablation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)985-992
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Cryosurgery
  • Eddy currents
  • Half pulse excitation
  • Interventional MRI
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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