Ten-Year Outcomes of Renal Tumor Radio Frequency Ablation

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose:We reviewed long-term oncologic outcomes in patients with renal tumors treated with radio frequency ablation more than 10 years ago.Materials and Methods:We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with renal tumors who underwent radio frequency ablation from November 2000 to August 2007. Demographic, clinical and radiological data were assessed to determine evidence of disease recurrence. Patients with familial renal cell carcinoma syndromes were excluded from study. We calculated disease-free, metastasis-free, cancer specific and overall survival with the Kaplan-Meier method. Subgroup analysis of patients who had at least 10 years followup was performed to determine actual 10-year survival. Analysis was also performed based on tumor size.Results:A total of 112 tumors in 106 patients were treated with radio frequency ablation. Median followup was 79 months (IQR 28.9-121.1) and mean ± SD tumor size was 2.5 ± 0.8 cm. Initial technical success was achieved in 97% of cases. There were 10 recurrences. Kaplan-Meier 6-year disease-free and cancer specific survival rates were 89% and 96%, respectively. Disease-free survival decreased to 68% for tumors greater than 3 cm. In the subgroup with at least 10-year followup the actual disease-free, cancer specific and overall survival rates were 82%, 94% and 49%, respectively. No patient experienced recurrence after 5 years.Conclusions:Radio frequency ablation is a safe and effective treatment option for small renal masses less than 3 cm in diameter. We report good oncologic outcomes with actual 10-year survival data. No recurrence developed after 5 years. Tumors greater than 3 cm have significantly poorer outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-258
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume201
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • carcinoma
  • catheter ablation
  • kidney
  • local
  • neoplasm recurrence
  • renal cell
  • treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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