The 30-kDa protein binding to the "initiator" of the baculovirus polyhedrin promoter also binds specifically to the coding strand

Bipasha Mukherjee, Sandeep Burma, Seyed E. Hasnain

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Abstract

We previously reported the purification and characterization of the polyhedrin promoter-binding protein (PPBP), an unusual DNA-binding protein that interacts with transcriptionally important motifs of the baculovirus polyhedrin gene promoter (S. Burma, B. Mukherjee, A. Jain, S. Habib, and S.E. Hasnain, J. Biol. Chem. (1994) 269, 2750-2757. PPBP also exhibits a sequence-specific single-stranded DNA-binding activity. Gel retardations and competition analyses with double- and single-stranded oligonucleotides indicated that PPBP binds the coding strand and not the noncoding strand of the promoter. This was further confirmed by UV cross-linking and Southwestern blotting experiments. Gel retardations with mutated oligonucleotides indicated that both dsDNA and ssDNA binding involve common AATA-AATAAGTATT motifs. However, ssDNA binding is dependent upon ionic interactions unlike dsDNA binding, which is mainly through nonionic interactions. The affinity of PPBP for the coding strand appears to be higher than that for duplex promoter DNA. Interestingly, the PPBP-coding strand complex has a longer half-life (∼60 min) than the PPBP-duplex promoter complex (∼15 min). PPBP represents a unique example of an "initiator" promoter-binding protein with dual dsDNA and ssDNA binding activities, and this reconciles very well with the unusual binding characteristics displayed by it. The formation of the PPBP-coding strand complex in vivo may be a crucial step for the exceptionally high and repeated rounds of transcriptional activity of the baculovirus polyhedrin gene promoter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4405-4411
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number9
StatePublished - Mar 3 1995

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Baculoviridae
Protein Binding
Carrier Proteins
Oligonucleotides
Southwestern Blotting
Genes
Gels
Single-Stranded DNA
DNA-Binding Proteins
Purification
Half-Life
DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "The 30-kDa protein binding to the {"}initiator{"} of the baculovirus polyhedrin promoter also binds specifically to the coding strand",
abstract = "We previously reported the purification and characterization of the polyhedrin promoter-binding protein (PPBP), an unusual DNA-binding protein that interacts with transcriptionally important motifs of the baculovirus polyhedrin gene promoter (S. Burma, B. Mukherjee, A. Jain, S. Habib, and S.E. Hasnain, J. Biol. Chem. (1994) 269, 2750-2757. PPBP also exhibits a sequence-specific single-stranded DNA-binding activity. Gel retardations and competition analyses with double- and single-stranded oligonucleotides indicated that PPBP binds the coding strand and not the noncoding strand of the promoter. This was further confirmed by UV cross-linking and Southwestern blotting experiments. Gel retardations with mutated oligonucleotides indicated that both dsDNA and ssDNA binding involve common AATA-AATAAGTATT motifs. However, ssDNA binding is dependent upon ionic interactions unlike dsDNA binding, which is mainly through nonionic interactions. The affinity of PPBP for the coding strand appears to be higher than that for duplex promoter DNA. Interestingly, the PPBP-coding strand complex has a longer half-life (∼60 min) than the PPBP-duplex promoter complex (∼15 min). PPBP represents a unique example of an {"}initiator{"} promoter-binding protein with dual dsDNA and ssDNA binding activities, and this reconciles very well with the unusual binding characteristics displayed by it. The formation of the PPBP-coding strand complex in vivo may be a crucial step for the exceptionally high and repeated rounds of transcriptional activity of the baculovirus polyhedrin gene promoter.",
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