The acinar differentiation determinant PTF1A inhibits initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

Nathan M. Krah, Jean Paul De La O., Galvin H. Swift, Chinh Q. Hoang, Spencer G. Willet, Fong Chen Pan, Gabriela M. Cash, Mary P. Bronner, Christopher V E Wright, Raymond J. MacDonald, L. Charles Murtaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the initiation and progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) may provide therapeutic strategies for this deadly disease. Recently, we and others made the surprising finding that PDAC and its preinvasive precursors, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN), arise via reprogramming of mature acinar cells. We therefore hypothesized that the master regulator of acinar differentiation, PTF1A, could play a central role in suppressing PDAC initiation. In this study, we demonstrate that PTF1A expression is lost in both mouse and human PanINs, and that this downregulation is functionally imperative in mice for acinar reprogramming by oncogenic KRAS. Loss of Ptf1a alone is sufficient to induce acinar-to-ductal metaplasia, potentiate inflammation, and induce a KRAS-permissive, PDAC-like gene expression profile. As a result, Ptf1a-deficient acinar cells are dramatically sensitized to KRAS transformation, and reduced Ptf1a greatly accelerates development of invasive PDAC. Together, these data indicate that cell differentiation regulators constitute a new tumor suppressive mechanism in the pancreas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournaleLife
Volume4
Issue numberJULY2015
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2015

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Gene expression
Tumors
Adenocarcinoma
Acinar Cells
Metaplasia
Transcriptome
Cell Differentiation
Pancreas
Neoplasms
Down-Regulation
Inflammation
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Krah, N. M., De La O., J. P., Swift, G. H., Hoang, C. Q., Willet, S. G., Pan, F. C., ... Murtaugh, L. C. (2015). The acinar differentiation determinant PTF1A inhibits initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. eLife, 4(JULY2015). https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.07125.001

The acinar differentiation determinant PTF1A inhibits initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. / Krah, Nathan M.; De La O., Jean Paul; Swift, Galvin H.; Hoang, Chinh Q.; Willet, Spencer G.; Pan, Fong Chen; Cash, Gabriela M.; Bronner, Mary P.; Wright, Christopher V E; MacDonald, Raymond J.; Murtaugh, L. Charles.

In: eLife, Vol. 4, No. JULY2015, 07.07.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krah, NM, De La O., JP, Swift, GH, Hoang, CQ, Willet, SG, Pan, FC, Cash, GM, Bronner, MP, Wright, CVE, MacDonald, RJ & Murtaugh, LC 2015, 'The acinar differentiation determinant PTF1A inhibits initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma', eLife, vol. 4, no. JULY2015. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.07125.001
Krah, Nathan M. ; De La O., Jean Paul ; Swift, Galvin H. ; Hoang, Chinh Q. ; Willet, Spencer G. ; Pan, Fong Chen ; Cash, Gabriela M. ; Bronner, Mary P. ; Wright, Christopher V E ; MacDonald, Raymond J. ; Murtaugh, L. Charles. / The acinar differentiation determinant PTF1A inhibits initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. In: eLife. 2015 ; Vol. 4, No. JULY2015.
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