Cytochrome P450-derived epoxides of arachidonic acid [i.e., the epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs)] are important lipid signaling molecules involved in the regulation of vascular tone and angiogenesis. Because many actions of 11,12-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) are dependent on the activation of protein kinase A (PKA), the existence of a cell-surface G s-coupled receptor has been postulated. To assess whether the responses of endothelial cells to 11,12-EET are enantiomer specific and linked to a potential G protein-coupled receptor, we assessed 11,12-EETinduced, PKA-dependent translocation of transient receptor potential (TRP) C6 channels, as well as angiogenesis. In primary cultures of human endothelial cells, (±)-11,12-EET led to the rapid (30 seconds) translocation a TRPC6-V5 fusion protein, an effect reproduced by 11(R),12(S)-EET, but not by 11(S),12(R)-EET or (±)-14,15-EET. Similarly, endothelial cell migration and tube formation were stimulated by (±)-11,12-EET and 11(R),12(S)- EET, whereas 11(S),12(R)-EET and 11,12-dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid were without effect. The effects of (±)-11,12-EET on TRP channel translocation and angiogenesis were sensitive to EET antagonists, and TRP channel trafficking was also prevented by a PKA inhibitor. The small interfering RNA-mediated downregulation of Gs in endothelial cells had no significant effect on responses stimulated by vascular endothelial growth or a PKA activator but abolished responses to (±)-11,12-EET. The downregulation of G q/11 failed to prevent 11,12-EET-induced TRPC6 channel translocation or the formation of capillary-like structures. Taken together, our results suggest that a Gs-coupled receptor in the endothelial cell membrane responds to 11(R),12(S)-EET and mediates the PKA-dependent translocation and activation of TRPC6 channels, as well as angiogenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine