The ubiquitin-proteasome system plays an important role in a variety of cellular functions by means of its proteolytic activity. Interestingly, recent studies have indicated that the proteasome components are also integral parts of transcription complexes. In genome-wide screening for steroid receptor coactivator (SRC)-interacting proteins using yeast two-hybrid system, we found that the 20S proteasome β subunit LMP2 (Low Molecular mass Polypeptide 2) interacts directly with the SRC coactivators. We showed that LMP2 is required for estrogen receptor (ER)-mediated gene transcription and for estrogen-stimulated cell cycle progression. We found that LMP2-associated proteasome is recruited to the entire sequence of ER target genes, implicating a role for the proteasome in both transcription initiation and elongation. We demonstrated that the recruitment of LMP2 by SRC coactivators is necessary for cyclic association of ER-regulated transcription complexes on ER targets. These results revealed a mechanism by which the proteasome machinery is recruited in ER-mediated gene transcription. Our experiments also provided evidence implicating SRC coactivators in gene transcription elongation.
- Estrogen receptor
- Gene transcription
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)